Praxis has, through 18 years of its role in facilitating participatory development, has developed resources you can use for your own experience. While some are in the form of tools that we have evolved for different contexts, others are publications, reports and tools used on the field.



Participation Pays



Participation Pays is a collation of eight thematic studies showcasing the engagements of Praxis  with marginalised and resource-poor communities in diverse contexts.

The book, which is a compilation of some of our action research in different contexts where community-led and owned processes have contributed to their empowerment, documents how beneficiaries of aid can challenge and overcome conventional power arrangements imposed upon them.
 Read More about the book here.

Read book review published in The Frontline here. 




An Assessment of Faecal Sludge Management Programme and Policies



Praxis, along with WaterAid and its partner organisations, facilitated an assessment of faecal sludge management (FSM) policies and programmes at the national and select states level in order to have a country-wide perspective on FSM and guide the policy advocacy work on FSM within WaterAid India.

The report can be viewed here



Legacy of Stench



A Legacy of Stench - An account on the lives and struggles of Safai Karmacharis in Patna is based on a study conducted by Nidan and Praxis. The report can be viewed here.



Accountability Overdue



 To view the online version of Accountability Overdue, click here



Deliberations of a Ground Level Panel of representatives from Denotified and Nomadic Tribes in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals



Deliberations of a Ground Level Panel of representatives from Denotified and Nomadic Tribes in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals -JUNE 2017  PDF


Marriage Can Wait, Our Rights Can\'t



Praxis faclitated a formative research for in three districts in Bihar and Jharkhand to inform Breakthrough's campaign against early marriage. The study stressed on the need to involve men and boys in any campaign against early marriage and raised the need to focus on issues of gender and sexuality through trainings and mass media, collectively contributing to an increased value for the girl child

The report Marriage Can Wait, Our Rights Can't can be viewed here



Demands of Ground Level Panellists in the context of the draft National Education Policy 2017



Voice for Change: Agrarian Communities\' Action Plan on Climate Change



Thirteen farmers and agricultural workers from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand formed a Ground Level Panel that was in Delhi for four days to collectively analyse their experiences of the impacts of climate change on their lives and livelihoods. At the dissemination in Delhi, the panellists identified themselves as farmers who were marginalised because of their caste, gender and relationship to land among other things. They analysed the respective State Action Plans on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals related to agriculture and climate change and evolved an action plan on climate change from the perspective of agrarian communities.  


Read report here



Down The Drain



Down the Drain! A Study on Occupational and Health Hazards and the Perils of Contracting Faced by Sewerage Workers in Delhi 


Down the Drain is based on a study on occupational and health hazards faced by sewerage workers in Delhi, especially those who work as contract laborers. The study looks at caste dynamics, health impacts and the lack of accountability to the sewerage workers by a apathetic government and administration. The book culminates in their demands for a life of dignity. 

To read the book, click here

To purchase the hard copy of the book at Rs 100 per copy, visit our How to Order page  



Intersectionality Framework to Track Budgets for Transgender Communities



Set against the backdrop of expanding the scope of the intersectionality framework in gender responsive budgeting to include transgender communities, UN women commissioned a study on the Intersectionality Framework to Track Budgets for Transgender Communities. The research study was rolled out with the two fold aim of analysing state and union budgetary commitments for the transgender communities as well as their uptake in India on one hand and to document various forms of discrimination, exclusions and violations of rights faced by transgender communities in Tamil Nadu on the other.

You can view the full report here.



Narrations from the Margins: Manipur floods 2015



After the floods in Manipur in August 2015, Praxis sent a team to conduct a Rapid Assessment of the ground realities, and how the community was reacting to the disaster. A report of the assesment is available here.





From Beneficiaries to Agents of Change




From Beneficiaries to Agents of Change are self-administrable tools to measure community preparedness for vulnerability reduction developed in the HIV context.


Community mobilisation has been a common vehicle for externally engineered development interventions since a couple of decades, though for differing purposes depending on the ideological foundations of these interventions. On one end of the spectrum we see it as a vehicle for better service delivery/crowd management and on the other as the pivotal driver for changing power equations.


The Avahan initiative by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) in India looked at its community groups as vehicles for delivering effective targeted interventions as well as a means of empowering them. Over the years, given the societal stigma faced by its constituent communities – female sex workers, transgenders, men who have sex with men and injecting drug users – the significance of community mobilisation has increased.


In this background, Praxis designed and implemented a robust framework to monitor and nurture its community mobilisation efforts. From Beneficiaries to Agents of Change is both a chronicle of the journey Praxis travelled with the communities as well as an output that was co-created with the communities with inputs from Avahan’s State Lead Partners, NGOs and the Avahan team. You can view the book here.



National Infrastructure Equity Audit Tool kit




The government’s focus on rural development and the number of flagship programmes championing welfare schemes for rural India notwithstanding access to infrastructure has been marred by exclusion. Location and distribution of village-level infrastructure and essential services are seldom equitably distributed. Realising this, Praxis, as the secretariat of Social Equity Watch, which operates as a platform for organisations and people who believe in inclusive politics, undertook an equity audit in 2011-2012.


 The National Infrastructure Equity Audit, the first of its kind, mapped 125 Gram Panchayats in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Orissa and Rajasthan, covering around 1000 caste/religious habitations. It captured information on access of different social groups to village-level public infrastructure, including (a) Anganwadi centre; (b) health centre; (c) drinking water;  (d) community centre; (e) electricity; (f) police station; (g) agriculture centre; (h) panchayat bhavan; (i) road (j) public distribution system; (k) post office; (l) school; (m) telephone/information kiosk.


 Some of the resources from the study can be viewed here.


 National Infrastructure Equity Audit poster


 National Infrastructure Equity Audit tool kit





Participatory Poverty Assessments: A Guide for Critical Practitioners (English) (Rs 225/8)



 A collection of articles and exercises on the inclusion of children in PRA.



Landlessness and Social Justice (English) (Rs 165/6)



 An assessment of disparities in Land Distribution and Prospects of Land Reforms.



Rural Appraisal, Robert Chambers, 1997 (English) (Rs 60/2)



 Introductory material on the origins, principles and approaches of Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) using examples from Asia, Africa, and Latin America.



PRA Going to Scale: Challenges for Training, 1996 (English) (Rs 50/2)



PRA Ka Samvardhan: Prashikshan Ki Chunautiyan, 1996 (Hindi translation) (Rs 50/€2)

Compilation of workshop reports that provide experiences of PRA practitioners using PRA in large organisations and project settings. The book contains a series of articles on scaling up experiences of various organisations and individuals in addition to providing an agenda for future action.



ABC of PRA: Attitude Behavior Change, 1996 (English and Hindi)



ABC of PRA: Attitude Behavior Change, 1996 (English) (Rs 50/€2) PRA Ka Adhar: Rukh Aur Vyavahar, 1996 (Hindi translation) (Rs 50/€2) A report on South - South Workshop of PRA professionals, this document addresses the importance of attitudes and behaviours of development professionals in adopting participatory approaches at the field level.



PRA Reflections: From the Field and Practitioners (English and Hindi)




PRA Reflections: From the Field and Practitioners (English) (Rs 35/€1)

PRA Pratidhwani: Kshetra Aur Karmion Se (Hindi translation) (Rs 40/€1)

A compilation reflecting the collective experience and concerns emerging from three international workshops of PRA professionals held between 1996 and 1997. These reflections provide an understanding of the issues that are confronted by PRA professionals, NGOs and donor agencies in promoting participation at the field level. They also outline the possible solutions, in terms of influencing important agencies and organisations, to adopt PRA in development.





The Politics of Poverty: The Tale of the Living Dead in Bolangir, 1998 (English) (On order only)



 The Politics of Poverty: The Tale of the Living Dead in Bolangir, 1998 (English) (Rs 200/€6)

Based on the Participatory Poverty Profiling carried out by Praxis in drought-prone Bolangir district in western Orissa, the book brings to the fore startling instances of institutional failures and suppressive political dynamics affecting the lives of the poor.



PRATOON: A PRA cartoon journal, 2001 (English / Hindi) (Rs 40/1)



 An illustrated, fictional, and funny account of PRA in action, this journal holds up a mirror to all PRA and development professionals, asking them to reflect.



Inclusive Planning with the Poor (English) (Rs 30/1)



This handbook primarily discusses a methodological design aimed at facilitating micro-level development planning with active engagement of the poor. 



Accountability Overdue, 2005 (English) (Rs 225/6)



 The book contains key learnings from the Village-Level Planning process conducted by Praxis in 28 tsunami-hit villages of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.



Reasserting the Empowerment Agenda (English) (Rs 200/6)



 Deliberations of the RCPLA Asia Write Shop on participatory democracy, this book explores inclusion through various essays.



Our World, Our Voice, Our Media (English) (Rs 200/6)



A resource kit for those interested in using communication to bring about social change, the book highlights community media experiences and skills, and addresses ways to provide a perspective from the South.



Participatory Workshop: by Robert Chambers, 2004 (Available in English, Hindi and Malayalam)



 Participatory Workshop: by Robert Chambers (Rs 195/€6)

Pankalitha Shilpasalakal, 2004 (Malayalam translation) (Rs 195/€6)
Sahbagi Karyasala, 2004 (Hindi translation) (Rs 200/€6) 
This book is a must for all those who work with others on participatory learning and change. It provides ideas and options for facilitators, trainers, teachers and presenters. In short it works for anyone who organises and manages workshops, courses, classes and other events for sharing and learning.



Bolangir Revisited, 2006 (English) (Rs 100/3)



 An account of poverty and deprivation in Orissa’s drought-prone Bolangir district, this is the sequel to the well-received book on the participatory poverty profiling of Bolangir.



Dateline Ghanshyampur, 2007 (English) (Rs 125/4)



This report captures the ground realities of the flood-affected district of Bihar.





TIPS - Training in Participatory Series - 3 Films Combo



TIPS - Training in Participatory Series - 3 Films Combo (Rs 300/€9)


  1. Who holds the stick: 24:00 Minutes (English)
    Film on attitudes and behaviours of PRA
  2. PRA Myths and Realities: 05:00 Minutes (English)
    A short film attempting to dispel myths about PRA
  3. Sitting Matters: 5 Minutes (English)
    A short film assessing the merits and demerits of various sitting arrangements of participants in a group.



Whose Reality Counts (Available in Hindi/English)



Whose Reality Counts: 07:00 Minutes (Available in Hindi/English) (Rs 250/€8)

An animation film on the spirit of participatory needs assessment.



A 2-Film Combo



A 2-Film Combo (Rs 250/€8)

  1. Sutradhar Kaun: 25 Minutes (Hindi)
    This film is the Hindi translation of Who Holds the Stick, a film on the attitudes and behaviours of PRA.
  2. Kursiyon ki Kahani (Hindi)
    This is the Hindi version of Sitting Matters, a film that assesses the merits and demerits of various sitting arrangements of participants in a group.



After Images - A 2-Film Combo



After Images - A 2-Film Combo (Rs 250/€8) 

  1. Waves of Solidarity: 21:00 Minutes (English)
    A film dedicated to tsunami victims – men, women, boys and girls piecing together their lives and livelihoods with dignity.
  2. Rescue Relief and Now Rebuilding: 5:00 Minutes (English)
    A film on the Participatory Assessment of the Orissa government’s delivery services, bringing into focus the privations and agony of the poor, their opinions, videos, assertions and the articulation of their points of view.



PRA Experience in Andhra Pradesh (Available in English and Telugu)



PRA Experience in Andhra Pradesh: 15:20 Minutes (Available in English and Telugu) (Rs 200/€6)

A film on people’s perception of urban poverty.



PRA Experience in Madhya Pradesh (English) (Rs 200/6)



 PRA Experience in Madhya Pradesh: 20:17 Minutes (English)(Rs 200/€6).

A film on the participatory poverty assessments and the field outcome tracing the roots of poverty in Madhya Pradesh, India.



In the Land of Gat Singh (English)



 In the Land of Gat Singh: 26:45 Minutes (English) (Rs 200/€6) 


A visual documentation of a snake charmer community from Morena district of Madhya Pradesh that has been pushed to the fringes of existence.



Waters of Despair (English) Vinash Leheron ki Virasat (Hindi translation)



 Waters of Despair: 31:05 Minutes (English)

Vinash Leheron ki Virasat (Hindi translation) Rs 250/€8)
One sultry night in July 2007, the embankments around the Kamalabalan river in Darbhanga district of Bihar crumbled yet again. In the span of a few hours, lives and livelihoods, hopes and aspirations were washed away by a preventable, man-made disaster, leaving villagers in a swamp of debt, disease and displacement.



Kahe Bhaye Pardesi (Hindi) Rank Outsider (English translation)



 Kahe Bhaye Pardesi: 27:17 Minutes (Hindi)

Rank Outsider: 27 Minutes (English translation) (Rs 250/€8)
Millions of migrant workers from Bihar and other poor states of India live in conditions of abject deprivation, vulnerable to attacks on their human and labour rights for reason except that they are poor and cannot influence policy makers an implementers. The film is a journey through the triumphs and trauma faced by migrant workers in their states of origin and destination.



Basic CD of Tools and Techniques (English)



Basic CD of Tools and Techniques (English) (Rs 200/€6)

A preliminary pack of ‘behaviours and attitudes’; key principles of PRA; reflections by facilitators; and exercises to increase awareness of different aspects of PRA. Note: Please note that we make our films under financial constraints. Despite our best attempt to ensure optimal quality, there may be a few lapses in some of the older films. But this does not take away from our overall objective.





HOW TO ORDER OR  Contact the nearest Praxis branch:



BB-5, Second Floor, Greater Kailash Enclave II
New Delhi - 110 048.
Telephone: + 91-11- 4164 1512, 41075550


1st Floor , Maa Sharde Complex,
East Boring Canal Road,
Patna- 800001
Tel / Fax: + 91-612 - 2521 983
Mobile: +91- 94310 17711


PRAXIS Chennai
Flat No - 5 D 808 Poonamallee High Road,
Kilpauk, Chennai - 600 010.
Tel/Fax: + 91- 44 - 2661 2876 / 2661 2883


Payment must be made either in cash at the office or through a demand draft/cheque. The same must be drawn in favour of Praxis - Institute for Participatory Practices, payable at Delhi.


Postage, packing and handling charges will be extra @ Rs 40/- (Euro €1) per publication. Material will be sent by registered/express parcel in India and by airmail or registered parcel/courier for other countries within a week of receipt if payment.

For bulk orders, the postage, handling charges will be worked out based on the weight of the consignment and mode of transport.




Quick Links


Resources & Publications

Voice For Change







For information related to Research and Capacity Building
write to:

For information or collaboration related to Communication 
write to: